What you may also now not know about Connecticut’s forests

As more americans are mountain climbing and having fun with Connecticut’s forests, an action plan is being updated on the situation and future of`the state’s wooded areas.

The Connecticut wooded area action Plan is up to date every 10 years, but commonly goes unnoticed. however with a checklist number of people visiting state forests and parks because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the report presents an opportunity to be trained greater about the forests’ wildlife, along with the environmental and financial pressures that threaten it.

The file is required via the U.S. branch of Agriculture’s wooded area service to obtain federal funds for forestry programs.

“Connecticut’s forest motion Plan serves as a ebook for DEEP Forestry and hopefully evokes others to enrich and offer protection to Connecticut’s forest components for future generations,” the state branch of power and Environmental insurance policy mentioned.

“It goals to determine considerations and prioritize vital areas, values and wishes; it analyzes latest conditions and trends of Connecticut’s woodland materials; and it lays out options and action steps to most fulfilling plan for the future of the forested landscape. it’s the result of collaboration with many partners and stakeholders.”

The total 241-page document may also be discovered online.

listed below are some numerical highlights of the report:

sixty one %

Connecticut is approximately sixty one p.c forested.

The school of Connecticut’s core for Land Use schooling and research used faraway sensing to measure the volume of wooded area in the state.

It found 1,873,471 forested acres (includes deciduous and coniferous forest, forested wetland, and utility right-of-means) out of three,078,017 total land acres within the state.


Connecticut is the 14th most forested state within the u.s., in keeping with the U.S. branch of Agriculture forest service.

“this is mind-blowing, when you consider that Connecticut, the fourth most-densely populated state. best Massachusetts is in a similar way dense and as closely forested,” the report pointed out.


In 2010, in keeping with “U.S. city wooded area statistics, Values,and Projections,” Connecticut had the fourth-highest percentage of urban land at 37.7 percent and the optimum urban tree cover within the nation at sixty one.6 %.

through 2060, Connecticut’s urban land is projected to raise to sixty five.three %, with a purpose to handiest make 12 city forests extra principal in the coming years.

41 p.c

The standard annual mortality of timber, in cubic feet, accelerated forty one percent between 2013 and 2018.

Connecticut has seen multiplied tree mortality in fresh years as a result of a couple of elements:

Connecticut’s forests are getting older and there is probably going extended herbal mortality as stands age.

seeing that 2012, the emerald ash borer insect has become centered and widespread throughout Connecticut and ash mortality is following this wave.

Between 2015 and 2019, an immense outbreak of gypsy moth passed off with many areas receiving numerous years of defoliation, which became additionally coupled with two years of drought across a lot of the state in 2015, 2016, and thru the spring of 2017.

a few extreme wind hobbies also hit components of the state all over that duration.

69 %

The percentage of Connecticut’s forests that are categorized as an all righthickory wooded area-type neighborhood.

189 million

The estimated variety of red maple bushes in Connecticut’s forests is 189 million.

21 million

The number of white very well — the reputable state tree — in Connecticut forests is 231 million.

eighty four p.c

Eight-4 percent of Connecticut timber are over sixty one years of age.

“The creation of the Civilian Conservation Corp in the Nineteen Thirties led to massive-scale tree plantings, suppression of enormous woodland fires, and the development of the state wooded area highway infrastructure. All of these elements have resulted within the excessive percent of bushes estimated to be older than 60 years ancient,” the document noted.

fifty three p.c

approximately 950,655 acres, or fifty three percent, of forestland is considered core forest. Core forest is defined as being at the least 300 ft faraway from non-forested areas.

“significant, unfragmented blocks of wooded area offer habitat for side-intolerant species, supply connectivity and corridors for species migration in line with climate change, together with warming temperatures and adjustments in precipitation, and increased opportunity to preserve basic biodiversity.”

seventy two percent

practically 72 p.c of Connecticut’s forests are privately owned, which has remained noticeably good given that as a minimum 2007.

About 87 % of the simple private forestland house owners are older than fifty one years historical.

Animal numbers

There are eighty four species of mammals, 335 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles and amphibians, 169 species of fish and an estimated 20,000 species of invertebrates.

“This variety is because of the state’s big selection of landscapes, water scapes, and habitats from the coastal undeniable and manhattan Sound in the south to the Northwest Hills.”

22 %

in response to the State of the Birds 2019 document, wooded area birds have considered a 22 % reduce nationally because 1970 and grassland birds have decreased fifty three percent in that identical time. Shorebird populations diminished 37 % nationally on account that 1974.

traits in Connecticut have mirrored these nationally.


citizens pronounced only 12 deer in Connecticut in 1893 as a result of the loss of mature forests and unrestricted searching in the late 1800s.

“With accelerated suburbanization, maturing o.k.forests, and an ordinary decline in looking, the deer inhabitants has grown exponentially.

“Deer are probably the most damaging animal to wooded area ecosystems and dynamics. besides spreading invasive plant life by using seed dispersal, high populations of deer can transform beneath story variety and structure through shopping. desirable species such as o.k.frequently have a difficult time regenerating in areas with excessive deer populations and deer also consume many threatened plant species.”

76 p.c

The latest statewide assessment confirmed that seventy six p.c of Connecticut’s steams are match and meet aquatic lifestyles use assist dreams.

“Forests are important to water quality acting as a filter to keep water clear, offering shade to retain water cool, and proposing important habitat each close and in permanent and brief surface water that assist definite species thrive. not handiest do forests give protection to the water best for organisms living in or near the water, however they’re the optimal device to retain the floor consuming water clear for people to make use of,” the report observed.

“The manhattan metropolis consuming water give device, the biggest unfiltered water deliver within the U.S. has discovered that retaining their watersheds forested has allowed them to steer clear of having to construct a multi-billion-dollar filtration plant while proposing one of the vital most advantageous ingesting water anywhere.”


There are more than 2,000 miles of trails in DEEP’s mapping statistics throughout Connecticut. These range from the Appalachian path and the Connecticut Blue-Blazed trails to native trails and unauthorized trails.

“There are possible many greater trails on public and private land that don’t seem to be a part of the DEEP’s records as well. These trails differ largely in types of use, amount of use, amount of upkeep, and circumstance. With jogging, running, and mountain climbing some distance and away essentially the most usual leisure undertaking and with the volume of use increasing during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, overuse of trails and inadequate preservation in some circumstances can cause erosion and other concerns.”

solid numbers

Between 2010 and 2020, the quantity of forestland in Connecticut become distinctly strong.

while some forestland turned into transformed to developed land and turf/grass, there were also areas that had been reforested, absolutely through natural procedures, but together with some areas where timber had been planted.

“This relative stability in wooded area cowl in Connecticut may additionally have a number of influences. inhabitants between 2010 and 2019 really diminished 0.2 p.c and development was slower than previous eras because of the inability of inhabitants boom alongside the gradual healing of the financial system following the amazing Recession.

The Connecticut woodland & Park affiliation held an informational webinar regarding the plan on Friday. comments can also be made to forest Planner Dan Peracchio earlier than Dec. 11 at daniel.peracchio@ct.gov